The existence of mass and therefore matter is what makes our universe contain the stars and the stuff in general. Some misconceptions are that space is empty when it is in fact a maelstrom of particles and energy fields. Nothing comes from nothing, it is just energy in a different form. Matter is divided into two different forms, bosons and fermions. Bosons are particles that have whole number spin whilst fermions have half integer spin. Identical fermions with the same properties can never be found in the same place (Pauli exclusion principle), therefore we do not fall through the floor. Bosons can pile up on each other like photons for example. The universe might seem enormous but most of the energy did not turn into our visible universe. The matter we see is only one part in millions that was originally created as both matter and anti-matter nearly always extinguished each other and produced photons and energy. Another large part contains the so called dark matter that does not emit photons and can not be seen. It is effected by the weak force of gravity but by its nature is hard to measure.

After the big bang, particles became to form as the energy levels fell through the expansion of the Universe. At first they all travelled at the speed of light but another boson was formed and another force. Both are mainly named after Higgs and they are important because they are one of the things that create mass. The Higgs field is like a syrup that slows down particles and enables them to be attracted by others. The Higgs Boson is an obstacle that heavy quarks have to avoid. This causes them to zig-zag through the syrup and this increases the slowing effect. Photons are too small to be affected by the large boson and keep their velocity. Mass makes matter but matter is measured by the attaction and repelling phenomenon that acts on them such as gravity. This means matter is variable but mass is the content of a particle and is invariant. There are other factors such as gluons which attract quarks to each other and form atoms and the things that surround us.

Quantum entanglement is a physical phenomenon that occurs when a pair or group of particles is generated, interact, or share spatial proximity in a way such that the quantum state of each particle of the pair or group cannot be described independently of the state of the others, including when the particles are separated by a large distance. The topic of quantum entanglement is at the heart of disparity between classical and quantum physics, entanglement is a primary feature of quantum mechanics lacking in classical mechanics.